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Outdoor Carpentry: Types & Basics

What is Carpentry?

Carpentry is the art of cutting, shaping, designing, building frameworks, and installation of wood for buildings and structures. Carpentry is a skilled trade that has an old history. It is exceptionally used in modern-day layouts and designs of buildings. Carpentry and construction go hand in hand.

Role of a Carpenter

Carpenters are engaged in several job environments including houses under construction, renovations, commercial sites, industrial sites, etc. Carpenters’ role is undeniable in every step of building construction. Carpenters often work in all weather conditions. Experienced carpenters come into more advanced responsibilities as construction superintendents or a contractor.

Some Carpentry Skills

Here are some common carpentry skills. 

  • General framing – Able to frame doors, windows, and interior designs
  • Concrete frameworks
  • Install windows and doors
  • Interior finishing and trimming
  • Install cabinets, countertops, and custom woodwork
  • Inspection and fixing of damaged frameworks
  • Instruct and direct other labors
  • Read blueprints and take supervision from verbal communication

Types of Carpentry

Carpenters specialize in one or two kinds of carpentry, especially when working on large-scale projects. Let’s take a quick look.


Formwork also called a concrete carpenter, is a specialized type of carpentry that constructs formwork to support the building process. Formworks are molds in which concrete is poured to create bridges, staircases, foundations, and beams for buildings. They can be constructed temporarily or permanently and are made of wood or iron. It is an essential part of the building process.


Framers reconstruct and improve structures made of metal or wood etc. They work early in construction projects, dwelling what becomes the framework for the rest of the architecture. Framers measure, join, cut, and set up the wood needed to build residences and industrial and commercial infrastructures. Framers can rebuild the existing structures. Also, they can make new ones. 

Cabinet Makers

Cabinet-making is an innovative and highly specialized form of carpentry. Cabinet makers build, repair, install, and design wooden cabinet designs, fixtures, and types of furniture.


Roofers specialize in organizing, building, and maintaining trusses, rafters, and beams involved in roof construction. Roofers’ main task is to ensure the roof’s safe and secure inside-out structure. Roofers specialize in roof carpentry only far from other carpenters whose specialization involves rough carpentry and framing.

Ship carpentry

Ship carpentry involves specialization in ship framework building. It includes structuring, maintaining its outer appearance, and ensuring that the ship meets client demands.


Joiners are not typically called carpenters but their job is similar to carpenters. Joiners specialize in lighter and more ornamental work than carpenters. Joiners’ work includes fitting doors and windows, fine woodwork, and furniture detailing. Joiners work in shops using non-portable machinery to make joints and intricate detailing. 

Tools & Equipment Used in Carpentry

No matter the specialization, carpenters use various tools, including hand tools and a few power tools. 

Hand tools

To perform their duties skillfully and work actively, carpenters use the following hand tools.

  • Claw hammer              
  • Tape measure
  • Chisels
  • Handsaws
  • Mallets
  • Measuring squares
  • Backsaws

Power tools

Carpenters need proper skills and exercise to operate power tools safely for both precise and influential work.

The following power tools are used in carpentry. 

  • Power drills
  • Jigsaws
  • Circular saws
  • Routers
  • Sanders
  • Biscuit joiners

Organization and storage tools

To keep everything organized and assembled, some storage tools are used which are given as follows; 

  • Tool belts
  • Scrap bins
  • Workbenches
  • Pegboards

Some standard tools used for carpentry are hammers, pliers, screwdrivers, awls for driving and removing nails, setting screws, punching guide holes, and planes used to smooth wood surfaces.

Other accessories

To make the project up to the mark and work efficiently, some accessories are also used by carpenters.

  • Extension cords
  • Carpenter’s pencil
  • Miter boxes
  • Bench hooks
  • Dust collection system

Basics a Carpenter Must Know

There are some basics that a carpenter must know. 

1.   Health and Safety

Set your work area up, keep it spick and span, and make sure that there are no trip threats. Carpentry is an easy ride but working safely is the most important aspect. Whatever the type of work you are performing and where you may need goggles, gloves, dust masks, earplugs, hard boots, and a hat. Enroll with your site manager and make sure to adopt all safety measures.

2.   Measuring like an expert

Measure twice but cut once. Accurately measure where to cut. Also, make sure to learn the use of measuring tape to cut accurately. Double or triple-check all measurements as it is important for accurate and precise cutting. It is a bit time-consuming but it ensures that you are spot on. 

3.   Get to grip with tools and equipment

Carpenters use a variety of tools including hand tools, power tools, and organization and storage tools like hammers, drills, routers, backsaws, etc. The important thing is to make sure that you know the safe use of all the tools. Tools make the carpenter’s work simple and at hand. Basic knowledge of work type with relevant tools is necessary for carpenters.

4.   How to cut symmetrically  

You have measured flawlessly, and you know which tools to use and how to use them safely. Now, you just need to be handy with whichever job you are performing to get the perfect cut to finish the job nicely.

Learn About Keystone Yard’s Expert Carpentry Services for the Outdoors

Precautionary Measures a Carpenter Must Adapt

Some key safety measures are crucial while working on a construction site.

I.   Wear personal protective equipment

Not using personal protective equipment during carpentry work is one of the most common mistakes that professionals make. Personal protective equipment includes wearing goggles, gloves, stiff footwear, face shield, and ear plugs in noisy areas. One little mistake can threaten your life. 

II.   Be responsible

Being a professional carpenter means doing your job seriously and doing whatever it takes to deliver. It leaves no space for irresponsibility. Remember to avoid all the circumstances which can put you at risk.

III.   Check your tools

Carpentry calls for miscellaneous tasks. You cut, trim, install, fix, and install structure and shape materials. Each of these jobs requires tools. Always check your tools accurately before performing any operation because tools may impair, glitch, or defects.

IV.   Ask for help when necessary

Standing, bending, and stretching for an extended time in a carpentry job is ordinary. Lifting heavy objects and dealing with heavy equipment can increase the risk of injury or accident. 

It is worth taking action and minimizing the risk of accidents. Always ask for help when dealing with such scenarios.

V.   Stay focused

Always finish whatever you are doing and then pay attention to other things. When you work on a commercial site, you work among many tradespeople and heavy machinery. Too much action takes place at a time in such areas and it increases the chances for distraction. Here things can go wrong. So you need to be focused on your work.

VI.   Disconnect power when not in use

Always remember to disconnect the power source itself before charging or not when in use, especially on your power tools. In addition to switching off the button make sure there is no power exchange between equipment and wires. Since a switch can malfunction or be coincidently turned on.

VII.   Use sharp blades safely

While this might seem apparent, observing how dangerous a drilling machine or blunt blades can be. Sharp bits and blades ensure clean cutting but safe use is necessary as they can harm you severely. So cover the sharp blades with appropriate coverings.

VIII.   Minimize distraction

Before turning your attention elsewhere, make sure you finish your ongoing work first, especially when using power blades for cutting. While dealing with distractions keep your tools away.

Learn About keystone Yard’s Comprehensive Landscaping Services


We have years of experience designing and installing top-quality composite and wood decks, stairs, and home addition. Our experienced, skillful, and well-versed staff enhances the functionality of your decks and backyard with our exterior lighting services, allowing you to enjoy your deck’s view after dark. We ensure that your deck is built, molded, and customized to your specific needs. We ensure the best quality. 


We are a team of professionals who specialize in the modeling of stunning fences. We are highly proficient in designing and building a fence that makes a customer’s vision and transforms it into reality. We offer a variety of impressive, stylish fences and make sure your project is supervised, managed, and inspected for quality at every step of the way. We complete the assigned task on time.


A Trellis Screen is a supreme addition as it adds privacy while allowing light through the openings. There are different shapes and styles of trellises that our expert carpenters design to adore your deck or fence. Our landscape services squad can supplement your trellis screen with the perfect plants to grow on it and further embellish your backyard view. We work with both new installations and existing ones for repairs and improvements.


KeyStone Yards also offers professional arbor construction. Arbors can be designed in different shapes and sizes, depending on the site requirements and sequence. We can custom design one of these structures for you according to your preference and budget requirements. A new arbor or pergola will add a beautiful exciting view to the yard and provide you with valuable shade during hot summer days.


We have a team of experts who provide you with the best gazebos service once you make an order. Our expert crew is exceptionally skilled in all aspects of woodworking, and we always deliver the highest levels of passion, care, and attention to our customers’ needs. Besides enhancing the enjoyment of your home, adding a custom gazebo to your house is a great way to increase the overall value.

Shade Sails

We offer specialized landscaping services, including creative design, quality installation, diligent care, and maintenance of shade sails. Our experts are brilliant at what they do. Shade sails not only add more storage but can be built into something customized to your specifications. Our services are considered to be the best carpenter services with a guarantee for high customer satisfaction. We make sure that our services fit your budget and your house’s personality.  

Keystone Yards is an outdoor remodeling contractor that specializes in masonry, carpentry, & creative landscaping for both residential & commercial properties.

  • Napa, Sonoma, Marin, Solano, & Contra Costa County
  • Mon-Sun: 7am-7pm
  • CA License # 1078372

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